top sexologist in Delhi
top sexologist in Delhi

Sexual Dysfunction – A Silent Killer of Relationship

We call sexual dysfunctions the set of disorders in which psychological and / or physiological problems make it difficult for the person to enjoy their sexual activity as they would like. It is a disorder in some phase of the sexual response – excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution.

Sexual dysfunctions are frequent and it is estimated that 40% of men and women can present them at some point in their lives. The most frequent among women is a lack of interest in sex and arousal problems, and premature ejaculation and impotence appear more frequently among men.

In the diagnosis and treatment of each dysfunction, the sexologist in Delhi analyzes whether the symptoms are primary or secondary, absolute or situational, or if the severity is total or partial.

The physical changes that occur in the four stages of sexual response (excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution) serve as the basis for analyzing at what stage sexual dysfunction occurs.

Thus, when the person is mentally and physically excited, the following physical changes appear:

In women:                                                                                                                                                  In men:

 

EXCITEMENT

 

EXCITEMENT

  • Vaginal lubrication
  • Penile erection
  • Clitoral erection
  • Scrotal size increases
  • Swollen lips
  • Increases the size of the testicles
 

PLATEAU

 

PLATEAU

  • Lip coloration
  • Cowper gland discharge
  • Vaginal tightening
  • Prostate gland contraction
  • Vaginal tightening
  • Prostate gland contraction
  • Elevation of the uterus and retraction of the clitoris
  • Terminal vesicle contractions
 

ORGASM

 

ORGASM

  • Contractions of the uterus
  • Ejaculation
  • Rhythmic contractions on the orgasmic platform
  • Contractions of the penis, urethra, and sphincter
  • Rectal sphincter contraction
  • Rectal sphincter contraction
 

RESOLUTION

 

RESOLUTION

  • The uterus and vagina return to their initial state
  • The penis and scrotum recover their initial state

We can classify the dysfunctions related to the sexual response cycle:

WOMEN MENS
  • Disorders of desire
  • Excess
    Deficit
  • Excess
    Deficit
  • Sexual arousal disorder
  • Lack of general excitement
  • Problem of starting an erection
    Problem of maintaining an erection
  • Orgasm disorder
  • Difficulty reaching orgasm
    Lack of orgasm
    Premature
    orgasm Delayed orgasm
  • Absence of ejaculation
    Premature ejaculation
    Delayed ejaculation
  • Sexual resolution disorder
  • Delayed resolution
  • Others
  • Dyspareunia
    Vaginismus
    Sexual phobias Socio- sexual
    anxiety
  • Dyspareunia
    Sexual phobias Sexual
    partner anxiety

 

Among the psychological causes of dysfunctions we find the following factors:

Predisposing factors:

  • Lack of information and sexual formation or inadequate information received.
  • Moral education devalues ​​sexual activity.
  • Insecurity in the psychosexual role.
  • Traumatic sexual experiences.

Precipitating factors:

  • Relationship problems (poor communication, fights, infidelity).
  • The appearance of a sporadic problem (excessive tiredness, alcohol, stressful work or family situation).
  • Organic special moments (after a heart attack, after childbirth, anxiety disorder or depression, etc.).

Maintenance factors:

  • Non-existent or inadequate sexual formation.
  • Anxiety associated with sexual interactions.
  • Inappropriate personal or partner performance in sexual relations.
  • General problems in the couple relationship.
  • Specific fears or phobias.

Physiological causes of dysfunctions:

Diseases or injuries: of the cardiovascular system, endocrine system, genitourinary tract, nervous system.

Effects of drugs: sedatives, antiandrogens, anticholinergics and antiadrenergics, psychotropic.

(The most frequent physical disorders are: diabetes, hypertension, hypogonadism, spinal disorders, etc .; at the drug level they are antihypertensive, antidepressant, alcohol, barbiturate, etc.).

Female sexual dysfunctions:

Hypoactive sexual desire (“sexual apathy”, “lack of sexual desire”, “lack of interest in sex”).
Lack of interest in sex, absence of fantasy, dreams or thoughts of sexual content, difficulty engaging in autoerotic or partner sexual activity.

Aversion to sex
Intense feelings of disgust, displeasure, repulsion or fear of situations of a sexual nature (concrete or thought). Sexual contact is usually avoided.

Sexual arousal disorder
Loss of arousal levels, physical and emotional disconnection from sexual intercourse. Inability to respond to caresses, sexual physiological responses are not experienced.

Orgasmic disorder
Difficulty reaching orgasm after an adequate level of arousal.
Dyspareunia
Pain during intercourse.

Vaginismus
Involuntary contraction of the outer third of the vagina upon penetration.

Sexual dysfunctions due to medical illnesses
Some illnesses can influence sexual functioning due to the physiological alterations they produce or the medication they require; These include: diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, thyroid, endometriosis, vaginal infections.

Substance-Induced Sexual Dysfunctions
The use of some drugs or drugs can affect sexual response.

Male sexual dysfunctions:

Impotence, erectile dysfunction:
Inability to obtain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform intercourse satisfactorily.

Premature ejaculation:
Inability to exercise voluntary control over the ejaculatory reflex.

Delayed ejaculation:
The man cannot ejaculate due to excessive involuntary control of the ejaculatory reflex.

Anorgasmia
There is no sensation of pleasure, but the semen does come out.

Dyspareunia
Pain during intercourse, which can be during or after sexual intercourse.

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